Q. 1 What is Organic Waste?
Organic waste is material that is biodegradable and comes from either a plant or an animal. Organic waste is usually broken down by other organisms over time and may also be referred to as wet waste. Most of the time, it is made up of vegetable and fruit debris, paper, bones, and human waste which quickly disintegrate. Examples of organic waste include green waste, food waste, garden waste and biodegradable items.
Q.2 How is organic waste converted into compost?
Composting is a natural biological process, carried out under controlled aerobic conditions (requires oxygen). In this process, various microorganisms, including bacteria and fungi, break down organic matter into simpler substances. The effectiveness of the composting process is dependent upon the environmental conditions present within the composting system i.e. oxygen, temperature, moisture, material disturbance, organic matter and the size and activity of microbial populations.
Q.3 What is organic waste converter?
The organic waste converter (OWC) is a machine which works on the principle of microbial decomposition of wet waste. It uses special microbes and using heating technology an artificial environment is created for the survival of these microbes. These microbes then carry out the decomposition process and convert the organic waste into a compost.
For huge quantity of waste generated, organic waste converters (OWCs) are used.